Infertility can be treated
Every year, 3,000-4,000 couples or single women in Finland seek fertility investigations and treatments. One in five women of fertile age faces involuntary infertility. Experiencing this can shake the foundations of life and cause uncertainty and sorrow.
Dextra Fertility Clinic has helped thousands of families on their journey to parenthood. When medical causes for infertility are identified, most individuals or couples can achieve pregnancy.
What does infertility mean?
About 80% of couples achieve pregnancy within a year of discontinuing contraception when the woman is under 38 years old. Within the following year, about half of those trying to conceive will achieve pregnancy without any treatments. Involuntary infertility increases with a woman’s age.
What causes infertility?
Infertility is just as likely to be due to the woman as to the man. Causes of female infertility may include issues such as irregular egg maturation, fallopian tube damage, or endometriosis. Male infertility may result from hormonal imbalances or disorders related to testicular function. Sometimes the cause can be found in both the male and the female partner. In one in four couples, no cause is found despite investigations. This situation is referred to as unexplained infertility. Nevertheless, treatments are still beneficial.
Can one influence getting pregnant?
Lifestyle factors can impact the chances of getting pregnant. Both being overweight and underweight can affect hormone function and thus influence factors such as egg maturation in women or sperm quality in men. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can also impair fertility. Dietary factors, environmental toxins, and psychological factors such as stress can also play a role in unexplained infertility.
When should you seek medical advice?
You should consult a doctor as soon as you have questions or suspicions about your fertility. You should seek investigations after one year of trying to conceive or even earlier if you know of any factors that could affect fertility. Factors that may decrease fertility include irregular menstrual cycles, infections, surgeries, chronic illnesses, and, most importantly woman’s advancing age. For this reason, basic fertility tests are recommended for women over 35 after just 6 months of attempting to conceive. These basic tests can be conducted quickly, usually within one menstrual cycle:
1. Sperm analysis, focusing on sperm count and quality.
2. Ovulation assessment: Is the egg maturing and being released normally?
3. Anatomical assessment: Examination of the structure of uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes